Cover of the Letter of Baeza about the
Agrarian Patrimony. Seville: UNÍA, 2013
The province of Granada is a diverse territory in which the Agrarian Patrimony is the very rich. According to the Letter of Baeza, “the Agrarian Patrimony is formed by the set of natural and cultural goods, material and immaterial, generated or taken advantage by the agrarian activity throughout the history” (CASTILLO, 2013).
In the territory that contains the Seven Towns, the agriculture has been, and it is yet, one of the basic sources of the economic, social and cultural development. The cultural events of the rural world are usually linked to this hybrid activity that implies necessarily culture and nature.
In addition to provide food and carry out other assignments (environmental preservation, territorial balance, etc.), it has numerous cultural, landscape and human values.
That is why the Agrarian Patrimony has an excellent ethnographic character, meaning that it incorporates the past through the living reality, linking it to persist and to continue. It expresses the cultural and social identity of these communities, its norms and values.
The agricultural era, due to its integration in the rural scenery and to its socio-economic function, is an out-standing hereditary element. It also has other connotations linked to the Immaterial and Ethnographic Patrimony that make it singular, emphasizing its facet as space of sociability.
At present, many of the catalogued eras (threshing floor) in Seven Towns are abandoned. The reason of this fact is, basically, the cessation of the threshing works, which has caused that the platforms are partial or completely covered by the vegetation, as well as the destruction of the retaining walls and the structures associated to the platforms.