Escudo Iznalloz

 

It is part of the region of the Oriental Mounts and it is approximately 35 km far towards the North-East of Granada city. It is 804 meters above sea level and has approximately 310 sq. km. of extension. Iznalloz is considered to be the regional capital of Los Montes and it includes the population nucleus of Iznalloz, Bárcinas, El Frage, Faucena – which includes Cueva del Agua and Llano de la Corona-, Los Montalbanes, Onítar, Poloria, Terre and Venta de Andar. The number of “acatuccitanos/as” in the year 2014 was 5.159.

 

 

 

BRIEF HISTORICAL TRIP

mapa iznalloz

Plane of Iznalloz as the Cadastre of Cove (18th century)
Source: "Urban morphology of the populations of the kingdom of Granada through the Cadastre of the Marquess of the Enseñada”, F. J. Gallego Roca

 

Its origins date back to the Prehistory, as testify the different archaeological remains and rock paintings found in different places that are part of the territory. The Cerro de la Peña, for example, throughout its history has been an argaric and Iberian town and also a Roman military camp or medieval castle.

In its territory there have documented remains of workshops of sílex both of the Average Paleolithic and of the Neolithic and also the Age of the Copper. And rock paintings belonging to the above mentioned periods. We can stand out the Abrigo de Julio Martínez, Haza de la Cabaña, Loma de los Pedernales, Loma del Rubio, Peñón del Asno or Puerto de Onítar considered all of them Cultural Interest Goods (CIG) from the year 1985. Protection that also shares the Cueva del Agua (Cave of the Water), used in different historical periods as a refuge and place to use the water that is in its interior.

From its argaric origin, Iznalloz had a military vocation. The Romans chose it to lodge an out-standing defence enclave. For that they built on the hill a fortitude called Acca Tucci. Important villae were also built, as well as roads and a beautiful bridge over the river Cubillas, next of the municipality and that is still used today.

The definitive name of the town comes from the Andalusian period. The Arabs will call it Hisn al-Lawza or “Castle of the Almond trees”, referring to the construction that dates back to the 14 – 15th century and that was considered to be one of the defensive bastions with more importance that protected the frontier area in which it is located.

The Catholic Monarchs conquered the city in 1486, turning into a prosperous town because it was like a shopping centre, both cattle and agricultural, which supplied (together with other populations that were part of the Seven Towns) with cereal and meat to the city of Granada.

During these centuries under the Castilian power they built buildings of the Church, the Granary or the Hospital, due to the needs that implied the demographic increase that caused the repopulation. It is significant the big number of farmhouses that are both in Iznalloz and in other cities that are part of the called Seven Towns.

In the contemporary period, in particular in the 19th century, the town was destroyed due to the political changes that took place during the War of the Independence. And still without recovering completely, the place will suffer another war one century later, in this case the Civil Spaniard in 1936, who will produce a bigger economic instability together with the demographic decrease due to the emigration that will take place in the 60s of the 20th century.

 

TOURISTIC RESOURCES

MATERIAL PATRIMONY

ARCHAEOLOGICAL PATRIMONY

Caves with rock paintings. Middle Paleolithic. We can stand out the remains found in the Peñón del Asno, Abrigo de Julio Martínez or Haza de la Cabaña.

Archaeological deposits. Middle Paleolithic, Neolithic and Age of the Copper. We will find workshops of silex, rock paintings and another type of prehistoric remains in the following deposits: Loma del Rubio, Puerto de Onitar, Loma de los Pedernales or Cueva del Agua.

 

ARCHITECTURAL PATRIMONY

a) Defensive architecture

Alcazaba de los Almendros o de los Amantes (Citadel of the Almond trees or of the Lovers). Nasrid (12th century). It has a quadrangular tower and another octagonal with a large size, in tapial and rough stones with ashlars in the corners. Some wall cloths are attached to houses of the neighbours.

 

murallas castillo 

The walls of the castle of Iznalloz. 1974
Source: Alfredo R. V.

b) Religious architecture

Church of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios. Renaissance (16th century). Diego de Siloé plans this building, finished by his disciple Juan de Maeda. It has a rectangular floor divided into three naves. The tower is divided into three pieces.

iglesia remediosChurch of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios of Iznalloz
Source: Manuel Fernández
 

Chapel of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios. 16th century. It has a square floor with only one nave, with four turrets and the roof is four-gabled. Its interior is the home of the patron saint of the municipality.

 

c) Civil architecture

Roman bridge. Ist century B.C. It only has one arch formed by stone ashlars and it has been built over the river Cubillas.

puente romano
Roman bridge of Iznalloz
Source: Town hall of Iznalloz
 

Granary. 16th century. It was the hospital built by the Catholic Monarchs. Later it was used as a granary and even later it was used as a pharmacy. It has in its interior a Mudejar panelled ceiling of high quality.

Town hall. 19th century. Formed by a regular plant split into two levels, which have both the consistorial dependencies and those who belong to the peace court.

 

ETHNOGRAPHIC AND AGROINDUSTRIAL PATRIMONY

Farmhouse of the Nava. Residential and agricultural holding that is located in a place where the human presence has been frequent since prehistoric periods.

 venta la nava
Building of the primitive Venta de la Nava, farmhouse in its origin
Source: Town hall of Iznalloz

Apart from this type of constructions, Iznalloz preserves in its territory a big number of architectures and elements related with the traditional architecture. We will quote, among others, typologies as the following ones: mills, drying rooms, siloes, wells, fountains, etc.

pilar de la peza
The Pilar de la Placeta, which is not there anymore
Source: Town hall of Iznalloz

IMMATERIAL PATRIMONY

FESTIVALS AND FAIRS

Popular festivals. They are celebrated from August 17th until August 21th.

banda musica

Orchestra of Iznalloz. 1973
Source: Alfredo Rodríguez Villegas

 

libro fiestas 1970
Cover of the Book of Festivals and Fairs of Iznalloz in 1970
Source: Town hall of Iznalloz

Holy Week. It is celebrated in Iznalloz, as in many other towns of the region of Los Montes of Granada.

Day of the Cross. 3rd of May.

cruces mayo
Crossings of May
Source: Town hall of Iznalloz

Pilgrimage of St. Isidro Labrador. It is celebrated on May 15th in El Sotillo, in the heart of the Umbría mountain range.

romeria isidro

Pilgrimage of St. Isidro Labrador
Source: Town hall of Iznalloz

 

GASTRONOMy

The Iznalloz specialties are: the roasts, stews, rabbits with onion, the porridges or the breadcrumbs, loin of pork, traditional potatoes, andrajos of hare, hotpots, picadillo soup (soup accompanied by minced hard-boiled egg, ham, and small pieces of crispy bread), partridges in marinade, in addition to the hunting meat, the sausages and pork meat. As a dessert we stand out the fried flour ring-shaped rolls. In this territory we will find fields of sunflowers, cereals, almonds and an exceptional virgin olive oil, which is part of the Denomination of Origin Montes de Granada.

vecinos
Neighbours of Iznalloz
Source: Town hall of Iznalloz

PROFESSIONS AND CULTURAL KNOWLEDGE

Shepherding and agriculture.

Beekeeping.

 

Other ToURiSTIC OFfers

Cueva del Agua (Cave of the Water). It is a deep and wide cavity, spectacular and very beautiful. In its galleries there are even water lakes. At the moment procedures and refurbishment works are been carried out in order to turn it into a touristic resource that can be visited.

cueva agua
Cueva del Agua
Source: www.dipgra.es

 

“El Sotillo” area. Place of recreation surrounded by nature, in the Umbría mountain range. In its environment we will find restaurants, leisure areas, pine forest and all kinds of aromatic plants.

el sotillo
El Sotillo
Source: www.juntadeandalucia.es

There are also rural tourism establishments in the municipality.

In the region of Iznalloz different practices related to the tourism can be carried out and also sport activities as the following ones: hiking, bike or horse-riding routes, climb, photography, hunting, etc.

 

POINTS OF INFORMATION / EXHIBITION ROOMS

Mycological Museum and Tourist Information Office. It is in the so called “Casa del Forestal”, located in the Arana mountain range. It is dedicated to the study and investigation of the different types of mushrooms.

 

Mycological Museum of Iznalloz
Source: Town hall of Iznalloz

Siete Villas de GranadaDiputación de Granada

Un proyecto de Grupo Axfito