Besides the traditional features of Heritage, Agricultural Heritage includes a set of goods and manifestations of a cultural and natural character (both material and immaterial) generated by agricultural activity which need to be recognized, respected, recovered, protected and valued.
This project joins the current trend focused on identifying, promoting and spreading the values of Agricultural Heritage, and does so throughout one of its best known fundamentals: the ERA (threshing floor), in its double role as a work space and a place with an important social dimension, understandable in its most immediate context and also within the landscape and the territory where it is culturally projected.
Yokes of oxen threshing grain in Moclín
Source: Town Council of Moclín
One of the vertebral axes of this initiative is the creation of a tourist-cultural route along the eras (threshing floors) of Las Siete Villas (Seven Villages), which runs through a selection of these heritage elements. Diverse in situ interpretive media are used, bridging the gap and overcoming the lack of communication between agricultural activity and society, by means of a direct dialogue with the countryside, where interaction lies in a series of complementary digital reources. This will stimulate participants´/visitors´ interest and involvement, as well as their comprehension of the contents transmitted.
Therefore, the eras (threshing floors) act as a network of viewpoints offered as a window to the immediate heritage agricultural landscapes, to which the link between nature and society is inherent.
They are a communication tool which sends an effective and direct message connected with the environment visited and the history of the Montes de Granada region, closely linked to the cereal culture, increasing awareness in a remarkable way and thus making preservation more effective.
Through this project, the eras (threshing floors) keep their character as a space of sociability which was always inherent to them. They have a great emotional value, because they are considered, in collective memory, as signs of local identity.
The era (threshing floor) as a space of sociability
Source: Town Council of Montejícar